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Segmentation Lesson- Phonemes

(Corresponds with Phonological Awareness Skill 5.6)


Please read these instructions prior to beginning the lesson and direct any questions to your teacher.

Lesson Description

This lesson focuses on isolating each sound in a word using chips to represent the individual sounds.

This At-Home Lesson is best used for the following grade levels:  Kindergarten and Grade 1

Before you start the lesson, please follow the steps below:

• Step 1
Read Parent Instructions below

• Step 2
Download and Print At-Home Lesson Plan

• Step 3
View the videos below with your child. Be sure to watch video 1 first.

  • Video 1: “I DO”
  • Video 2: “WE DO”

• Step 4

Follow the parent script for student practice that is found within the At-Home Lesson Plan

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Parent Instructions:

Now that your child has worked with syllables, and onset and rime, today’s lesson will help your child work with a smaller part of a word called a phoneme. A phoneme is the smallest unit of sound in words.  In order for a child to spell and read words accurately they must be very good at hearing the individual sounds within words.  Remember we are not spelling words.  We are only listening for the sounds within words.  They will learn to hear how to say every sound in a word. Please notice that any time you see a letter closed in by these marks / / you will be saying the sound the letter makes not the name of the letter.  You will also notice that the sounds won’t necessarily match the spelling you are used to.  The focus is on sounds not spelling.. 

Before you start the videos you will want to print these instructions, the mat, and four blue circles (they are about the size of a quarter).  If you aren’t able to print you might want to take a picture of these instructions on your phone.  You can create the materials by using a piece of paper and drawing the shape you see on the mat.  Cut out four blue circles or use four quarters. 

segmenting1 segmenting2

Watch video 1 with your child. In this video the teacher will model how to hear the individual sounds in words. Your child does not need any materials for this part of the lesson.

Watch video 2 with your child. It will begin by reminding you of the materials needed for the lesson. Next, the video will show your child how to hear all the sounds in a word. There will be several opportunities for your child to practice.

After the video is finished you will want to use the following script to help your child practice segmenting the parts of a word.

Download At-Home Lesson Plan

Phoneme Segmentation - PA Skill 5.6 - Video 1

Phoneme Segmentation - PA Skill 5.6 - Video 2