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Phoneme Manipulation Lesson: Addition

(Corresponds with Phonological Awareness Skill 5.9)


Please read these instructions prior to beginning the lesson and direct any questions to your teacher.

Lesson Description

This lesson focuses on adding a new sound to an existing word using chips to create a new word.

This At-Home Lesson is best used for the following grade levels: Kindergarten and Grade 1

Before you start the lesson, please follow the steps below:

• Step 1
Read Parent Instructions below

• Step 2
Download and Print At-Home Lesson Plan

• Step 3
View the videos below with your child. Be sure to watch video 1 first.

  • Video 1: “I DO”
  • Video 2: “WE DO”

• Step 4

Follow the parent script for student practice that is found within the At-Home Lesson Plan

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Parent Instructions:

Now that your child has worked with syllables, onset and rime, and phonemes, today’s lesson will work with adding a sound at the beginning of a word to make a new word.  The addition of a sound is one of the highest levels of phoneme difficulty.  Students who are not able to add, delete or substitute phonemes in words are more likely to have difficulty with reading and writing.

Remember we are not spelling words.  We are only listening for the sounds within words.  Please notice that any time you see a letter closed in by these marks / / you will be saying the sound the letter makes and not the name of the letter or reading a word.  You will also notice that the sounds won’t necessarily match the spelling you are used to.  For example, one of the words in the lesson is “each”.  Although each has four letters, there are only two sounds. /ē/ and /ch/.  The focus in phonemic awareness  is on the sounds, not spelling. 

Adding Sound to Make a New Word

Before you start the videos you will want to print these instructions, the mat, and four blue circles (they are about the size of a quarter).  If you aren’t able to print you might want to take a picture of these instructions on your phone. You can create the materials by using a piece of paper and drawing the shape you see on the mat. Cut out four blue circles or use four quarters.  

Watch video 1 with your child. Your child does not need any materials for this part of the lesson.
The video will show you exactly how to help your child add a sound to the beginning of a word to make a new word.

Watch video 2 with your child. It will begin by reminding you of the materials needed for the lesson. Next, the video will show your child how to add a sound to the beginning of a word to make a new word.

After this video is finished you will want to use the following script to have your child practice adding an initial sound to make new words.

Download At-Home Lesson Plan

Phoneme Addition - PA Skill 5.9 - Video 1

Phoneme Addition - PA Skill 5.9 - Video 2